Gangguan Pendengaran dan Dampaknya Terhadap Fungsi Otak

Hearing Loss and its Effect on Brain Function

Nov 27, 2023

Hearing loss is more than just missing sounds; it's a journey that influences how our brains operate. Less auditory stimulation triggers these neurobiological changes, potentially affecting cognitive functions. The brain's ability to process sound is intertwined with its overall operation. It's about how our brains adapt. Two fascinating processes, Cross-Modal Plasticity and Cortical Resource Allocation, play key roles in this adaptation.

Understanding Gradual Hearing Loss

Many people experience gradually-acquired sloping hearing loss, where low tones are clearer than high ones. This often leads to struggles in understanding speech, especially in noisy places. Some avoid hearing technology due to outdated stigmas or the fear of handling new devices.

Cross-Modal Plasticity: A Brain's Resilience

When hearing loss occurs, the auditory cortex, responsible for processing sound, isn't stimulated enough. In response, another functional system, like vision, recruits this area for its own processing. Even in mild hearing loss, studies show the auditory cortex actively works on visual stimuli. This adjustment, known as Cross-Modal Plasticity, can lead to difficulties in understanding speech in noisy environments. It's not just about losing the ability to hear high pitches; the brain reorganizes due to the lack of sound stimulation.

Cortical Resource Allocation: Shifting Priorities

In cases of mild hearing loss, Cortical Resource Allocation comes into play. Auditory cortex activity decreases, and frontal lobe activity increases during listening tasks. The frontal and pre-frontal areas are crucial for working memory and executive function. With hearing loss, the frontal lobe strains to understand speech in challenging environments, leading to what we call "effortful listening." This, in turn, diminishes the frontal lobe's ability to help remember conversations after they conclude.

The Link Between Hearing Loss and Cognitive Functions

Less auditory stimulation triggers neurobiological changes potentially affecting cognitive functions. Severe, untreated hearing loss increases the risk of dementia fivefold. Adults with untreated hearing loss experience cognitive decline 3.2 years sooner. Dementia patients with severe untreated hearing loss face 30-40% faster cognitive decline.

Taking the 1st Step to Better Hearing

Hearing aids are known to prevent, delay, or slow cognitive decline. Beyond mitigating brain changes, hearing aids can also enhance social engagement, reduce depressive symptoms and improve relationships. This positively impacts the quality of life and relationships for both the patient and their loved ones. So, if you find yourself struggling to understand conversations, especially in crowds, consider visiting a local hearing center.

Don't delay improving your hearing any longer if you're dealing with hearing loss. Explore the various options available and be amazed by the advancements in modern hearing technology. Hearing aids are available in different styles, colors, and features – ranging from nearly invisible designs to tech-savvy ones synchronized with your phone. At SOUNDLIFE, we invite you to try out our hearing aids for 10 days with no obligation to purchase.